While nearly 70 percent of the world is covered by water, only 2.5 percent of it is fresh. Out of that 2.5 percent only 1 percent of our freshwater is easily accessible. That 1 percent of freshwater is what is used to feed and fuel earths 6.8 billion people.
Water is essential for life. Not only is water needed for humans but we use it to produce our food, clothing computers, moving our waste and to help keep us and the environment healthy. The average adult loses about 2.5 liters of water each day due to:
- The kidneys, through urine excretion
- The lungs by breathing
- The intestines through feces
Humans are able to get water through three major sources.
- water in food
- metabolic water (which is produced during biochemical reactions in the body)
- drinking water
This means that every year each person will consume about 900 liters of water every day only through drinking water. That doesn’t account for showering, washing dishes, cleaning, and the amount of water it takes to fuel all of our other purchases. The average hamburger takes 2,400 liters of water to produce and many water intensive crops are grown in arid regions. The United Nations estimated that by 2025 1.8 billion (two-thirds of the worlds population) people will live in areas where water is extremely scare.
The Challenge we face is how to effectively manage, distribute and conserve the water we have. Here are some useful tips on how to conserve water at home.
- Fix leaks in all plumbing fixtures
- Reduce Outdoor Watering
- Install water-efficient devices
- Save the water from your faucet that runs while you’re waiting for warm water
- Take shorter showers or turn the water off while you soap up and then turn it back on to rinse
- Wash full loads of clothes or do less laundry in general
- Collect food waste in your trash can instead of your garbage disposal